Face Super-resolution Guided by Facial Component Heatmaps

Face Super-resolution Guided by Facial Component Heatmaps

Xin Yu, Basura Fernando, Bernard Ghanem, Fatih Porikli, Richard Hartley, 
"Face Super-resolution Guided by Facial Component Heatmaps​" 
European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV 2018)​​
Xin Yu, Basura Fernando, Bernard Ghanem, Fatih Porikli, Richard Hartley
face, super resolution, hallucination, facial component localization, multi task neural networks
2018
State-of-the-art face super-resolution methods leverage deep convolutional neural networks to learn a mapping between low-resolution (LR) facial patterns and their corresponding high-resolution (HR) counterparts by exploring local appearance information. However, most of these methods do not account for facial structure and suffer from degradations due to large pose variations and misalignments. In this paper, we propose a method that explicitly incorporates structural information of faces into the face super-resolution process by using a multi-task convolutional neural network (CNN). Our CNN has two branches: one for super-resolving face images and the other branch for predicting salient regions of a face coined facial component heatmaps. These heatmaps encourage the upsampling stream to generate super-resolved faces with higher-quality details. Our method not only uses low-level information (i.e., intensity similarity), but also middle-level information (i.e., face structure) to further explore spatial constraints of facial components from LR inputs images. Therefore, we are able to super-resolve very small unaligned face images (16×16 pixels) with a large upscaling factor of 8×, while preserving face structure. Extensive experiments demonstrate that our network achieves superior face hallucination results and outperforms the state-of-the-art.