Can We See More? Joint Frontalization and Hallucination of Unaligned Tiny Faces

Can We See More? Joint Frontalization and Hallucination of Unaligned Tiny Faces

​​Xin Yu, Fatemeh Shiri, Bernard Ghanem, Fatih Porikli, 
"Can We See More? Joint Frontalization and Hallucination of Unaligned Tiny Faces"
IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence (TPAMI 2019)​
Xin Yu, Fatemeh Shiri, Bernard Ghanem, Fatih Porikli
Face, super-resolution, hallucination, face frontalization
2019
​In popular TV programs (such as CSI), a very low-resolution face image of a person, who is not even looking at the camera in many cases, is digitally super-resolved to a degree that suddenly the person's identity is made visible and recognizable. Of course, we suspect that this is merely a cinematographic special effect and such a magical transformation of a single image is not technically possible. Or, is it? In this paper, we push the boundaries of super-resolving (hallucinating to be more accurate) a tiny, non-frontal face image to understand how much of this is possible by leveraging the availability of large datasets and deep networks. To this end, we introduce a novel Transformative Adversarial Neural Network (TANN) to jointly frontalize very-low resolution (i.e. $16\times 16$ pixels) out-of-plane rotated face images (including profile views) and aggressively super-resolve them ( $8\times$ ), regardless of their original poses and without using any 3D information. TANN is composed of two components: a transformative upsampling network which embodies encoding, spatial transformation and deconvolutional layers, and a discriminative network that enforces the generated high-resolution frontal faces to lie on the same manifold as real frontal face images. We evaluate our method on a large set of synthesized non-frontal face images to assess its reconstruction performance. Extensive experiments demonstrate that TANN generates both qualitatively and quantitatively superior results achieving over 4 dB improvement over the state-of-the-art.